Author: Ahmad Pathoni

Prabowo tells pollsters to move to Antarctica as he rejects unofficial election results

Indonesian presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto on Friday accused pollsters of lying after unofficial counts showed he lost this week’s election to incumbent President Joko Widodo, telling them to move to Antarctica.

Prabowo has rejected the so-called quick counts, released by private pollsters from samples of polling stations, that give Joko an 8-percentage-point lead over Prabowo.

“Ladies and gentlemen, do you trust fake pollsters?” Prabowo asked more than 1,000 supporters gathering outside his house in south Jakarta.

The crowd responded in unison: “No!”

“You cheating pollsters may be able to lie to penguins in Antarctica, but Indonesia doesn’t want to listen to you anymore,” Prabowo said.

Supporters gathered outside Prabowo’s spacious house and chanted religious songs after Friday prayers.

Quick counts have proved accurate in predicting winners in past Indonesian elections.

But Prabowo said that actual votes at more than 300,000 polling stations showed him leading with 62 per cent.

Prabowo said Thursday that he had won the presidency and urged his supporters to monitor the official vote count to stop cheating.

“We are declaring our victory early because we have proof that there have been various attempts at fraud in many villages, sub-districts, districts and cities across Indonesia,” he said.

Official results will not be announced until later next month. 

He made a similar claim of victory in 2014 after unofficial counts showed that he lost narrowly to Joko.  

Joko, for his part, said that he had “99 per cent” confidence in the quick count results pointing to his victory.

Indonesia’s armed forces chief, Air Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto, warned that any unrest would be dealt with sternly. 

“We will not tolerate and will take stern action against attempts to disturb public order or unconstitutional acts that undermine the democratic process,” he said. 

Advertisements

Prabowo declares victory, claims fraud attempts by opponents after Indonesian election

Indonesian President Joko Widodo appeared set to win a second term after this week’s election, according to unofficial counts, but his rival declared victory and claimed widespread attempts at cheating.

Unofficial tallies from Wednesday’s presidential election put Joko on track for a second term with a 8-point lead over former general Prabowo Subianto.

The quick counts from a sample of representative polling stations put Joko ahead with around 54 per cent, while Prabowo trailed on 46 per cent.

Such counts have proved accurate in predicting past election winners in Indonesia.

But Prabowo rejected the unofficial tally and claimed that counts of actual votes at more than 300,000 polling stations showed him leading with 62 per cent.

He remained defiant on Thursday, claiming victory once again and accusing his opponents of trying to rig the election.  

“Today I, Prabowo Subianto and Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno, declare our victory as president and vice president of the Republic of Indonesia for the period of 2019-2024 based on more than 62 per cent of our real vote calculation,” Prabowo told a news conference at his house.

“We are declaring our victory early because we have proof that there have been various attempts at fraud in many villages, sub-districts, districts and cities across Indonesia,” he added.

He made a similar claim of victory in 2014 after unofficial counts showed that he lost narrowly to Joko.  

Joko said he had received congratulations from Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on the successful election. 

Plans by Prabowo’s supporters to hold a rally in central Jakarta on Friday to celebrate victory have raised fears of unrest. 

But Indonesia’s armed forces chief, Air Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto, warned that security forces were “ready to maintain security and stability.” 

“We will not tolerate and will take stern action against attempts to disturb public order or unconstitutional acts that undermine the democratic process,” he told a news conference on Thursday. 

Quick counts from the legislative election showed Joko’s Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) leading with around 20 per cent. 

Gerindra, the party of opposition presidential candidate Prabowo, came second with nearly 13 per cent. 

Both parties carry nationalist platforms. 

Official results will not be announced until later next month. 

Sixteen national political parties contested 575 seats in the national parliament in Wednesday’s legislative election.

About 193 million people, including 80 million people born after 1980, were eligible to vote, according to the General Elections Commission.

Turnout was 81 per cent, an increase from 70 per cent in 2014, according to security minister Wiranto.  

Some voters in Papua, the country’s easternmost province, were scheduled to cast their ballots on Thursday after election supplies were not distributed on voting day.

Jokowi: No longer a political outsider

When Joko Widodo was elected president in 2014, he was hailed as the first Indonesian leader with no ties to the country’s military and political elites.

Now, Joko is seeking a second term as president in Wednesday’s election with the support of political parties with the most seats in parliament and several former generals with ties to the country’s autocratic past.

Joko grew up in a poor neighbourhood in the Central Java town of
Solo, where his father worked as a carpenter, according to his
official biography.

He helped his father with work after school and sold home-made snacks
to supplement the family’s income.

Critics say his family was actually middle-class and owned a
furniture business, and that the story of his humble beginnings was
played up to appeal to voters.

Jokowi, as he is better known, graduated with a degree in forestry
management from Gadjah Mada University, one of the country’s best,
and later started his own furniture business.

He was elected mayor of his native Solo in 2005 and again in 2010,
developing a reputation as a proactive leader with a common touch.

His folksy style has endeared him to regular people.

In 2012, he was elected governor of Jakarta after promising to
tackle the city’s perennial problems, including chronic congestion
and flooding.

He did not solve either, but did kick off two major public
transportation projects in his constituency, and was praised for
streamlining the bureaucracy and providing free health care for the
poor.

As governor he frequently visited Jakarta’s poor neighbourhoods and
talked to residents, a practice that has become known locally as “blusukan.”

The story of his humble beginnings and simple lifestyle appears to
resonate with ordinary Indonesians.

Joko’s account of his life is a departure in Indonesian politics,
where it was previously unthinkable for someone from a humble
background to become even a party leader.

A heavy metal fan, Joko has been seen at several concerts and
mingled with fans at gigs.

But Joko is not without critics.

His promise for a departure from politics as usual remains largely unfulfilled.

After being elected in 2014, he filled his cabinet with officials from political parties that supported him, despite a promise not to be beholden to vested interests.  

Opponents have accused him of engaging more in ceremonial activities than actual governing during his first term in office.

He frequently jets to remote parts of the far-flung archipelago to inaugurate projects.

Analysts and rights groups say he has allowed human rights, respect for the rule of law and the protection of minorities to deteriorate during his firm term.

“Law enforcement has become politicized, with government critics arrested and jailed on questionable charges,” said Ben Bland, an Indonesia expert at Lowy Institute, an Australian think tank.

But the married father-of-three remains the most popular politician in Indonesia.

Recent polls suggested that he had a comfortable two-digit lead over his opponent, former general Prabowo Subianto.

Jokowi Lebih Favorit, tapi Prabowo Menempel Ketat

Presiden Joko Widodo agaknya sedang dalam suasana hati yang agresif selama kampanye belakangan ini. Ia sepertinya ingin menumpahkan perasaanya menjelang pemilihan presiden yang tinggal beberapa hari ini.

“Saya sudah difitnah, dituduh, dan direndahkan, dan saya selama ini diam,” katanya dalam sebuah kampanye di Yogyakarta beberapa waktu lalu.

“Tapi hari ini, saya katakan, saya akan melawan!” Katanya di depan pendukungnya yang menyambut dengan sorak-sorai dan teriakan terhadap ajakan tersebut. Jokowi menyebutkan berbagai tuduhan dari para pengkritiknya bahwa ia anti-Muslim, dan bahkan akan melarang azan jika terpilih lagi untuk masa jabatan lima tahun kedua setelah pemilihan 17 April nanti.

Sebenarnya cukup wajar jika Presiden Jokowi khawatir.

Berbagai jajak pendapat mendekati pemilu serentak kurang dari seminggu ini menunjukkan bahwa lawannya, mantan jenderal Prabowo Subianto, justru semakin menguat.

Survei jajak pendapat yang dilakukan oleh Litbang Kompas menghentak publik setelah memaparkan bahwa Jokowi kemungkinan akan menang dengan suara hanya 49,2 persen, sementara Prabowo meraih 37,4 persen. Sekitar 13 persen responden menyatakan belum memutuskan atau tidak menjawab.

Pasal 6A Ayat (3) UUD 1945 menyebutkan ”Pasangan calon Presiden dan Wakil Presiden yang mendapatkan suara lebih dari lima puluh persen dari jumlah suara dalam pemilihan umum dengan sedikitnya dua puluh persen suara di setiap provinsi yang tersebar di lebih dari setengah jumlah provinsi di Indonesia, dilantik menjadi Presiden dan Wakil Presiden”.

Survey Kompas tersebut menjadi semacam panggilan “untuk bangun” bagi Jokowi, yang selama ini sangat percaya diri karena memiliki keunggulan suara hampir 20 persen pada Oktober 2018. Padahal, untuk bisa memenangkan pilpres sesuai dengan amanat undang-undang, ia perlu lebih dari 50 persen suara.

Berbagai analis mengatakan, dengan trend yang ada dari berbagai survey yang sudah dipublikasikan, Jokowi kemungkinan besar akan terpilih kembali, tetapi Prabowo masih bisa memberikan kejutan.

“Apapun bisa terjadi selama masa periode kampanye yang tersisa,” kata Adi Prayitno, seorang analis politik di Universitas Islam Syarif Hidayatullah di Jakarta. “Survei Kompas menunjukkan bahwa selisih suara sudah menyempit dan ini harus menjadi perhatian bagi Jokowi,” katanya.

Prabowo, mantan komandan pasukan khusus TNI yang kemudian menjadi pengusaha, sering mengangkat tema kemiskinan dalam setiap kampanye yang dilakukannya.

Pada kampanye di Papua beberapa waktu lalu, ia kembali melancarkaan kritik keras kepada “elit Jakarta” yang katanya telah gagal membawa kesejahteraan bagi rakyat.

“Elite hanya peduli dengan kepentingan mereka sendiri,” kata Prabowo di hadapan banyak pendukung yang meneriakkan namanya. “Satu-satunya motif mereka adalah untuk memperkaya diri sendiri dan kerabat mereka.” katanya.

Sementara itu, Jokowi selalu mengangkat keberhasilan dalam memperbaiki infrastruktur negara dengan membangun jalan, pelabuhan, bandara, dan bendungan baru.

Akan tetapi, kubu Prabowo menuduh pemerintah telah gagal menggenjot perekonomian yang saat ini tumbuh sebesar lima persen per tahun, serta memiliki kecenderungan untuk berhutang yang sering dijadikan sebagai bahan untuk menyerang kebijakannya.

Pada kampanye presiden 2014, Jokowi berjanji untuk membawa pertumbuhan ekonomi Indonesia pada level tujuh persen.

Indonesia juga tengah berjuang untuk memperbaiki defisit neraca berjalan yang makin melebar serta nilai mata uang yang lemah, dimana pada bulan September 2018 pernah jatuh ke level terendah sejak krisis keuangan Asia 1997-1998.

Pemilu 17 April 2019 adalah sebuah episode pengulangan dari pemilu 2014, dimana Jokowi berhasil mengalahkan Prabowo dengan selisih angka yang tipis setelah kampanye yang memecah-belah masyarakat, termasuk tuduhan bahwa Jokowi adalah seorang komunis dan etnis Tionghoa.

Pemilu tahun ini akan dilaksanalan bersamaan dengan pemilihan anggota legislatif, yang diperebutkan oleh 16 partai nasional. Hampir 250.000 kandidat bersaing untuk mendapatkan lebih dari 20.000 kursi di parlemen nasional, provinsi dan kota.

Sekitar 193 juta orang, termasuk 80 juta orang yang lahir setelah tahun 1980 (generasi milenial) berhak memilih. Menurut Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU), hal ini menjadikan pemilihan 2019 sebagai pemilihan langsung terbesar di dunia, dimana akan ada sekitar 800.000 TPS dan enam juta orang yang terlibat.

Jokowi memilih Ma’ruf Amin, seorang ulama Muslim konservatif dan ketua Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) sebagai calon wakil presidennya, sebuah langkah politik yang disebut banyak pengamat sebagai upaya untuk menangkis tuduhan bahwa ia kurang Islami.

Institut Analisis Kebijakan Konflik (IPAC) menyatakan dalam sebuah laporan yang dirilis belum lama ini, nampaknya kelompok Muslim konservatif sudah bertekad agar Jokowi tidak terpilih kembali dengan menggalang dukungan di sekitar Prabowo.

“Kelompok Muslim memiliki dampak besar sehingga memaksa Jokowi untuk membela diri dari tuduhan bahwa ia anti-Islam dan anti orang miskin dengan melakukan tindakan-tindakan yang justru membuat definisi moderat menjadi terlalu ke kanan,” kata laporan itu.

“Dukungan mereka untuk [Prabowo] bersyarat dan setengah hati, tetapi langkah-langkah yang diambil oleh pemerintahan Jokowi untuk mencoba melemahkan, mengkooptasi dan menstigma mereka sebagai ekstremis justru malah memperkuat sebuah aliansi yang sebenarnya rapuh,” tambahnya.

Old rivals face off in Indonesia’s presidential election

 When Indonesian voters go to the polls on Wednesday, they will have to choose between an incumbent whose man-of-the people image has been tarnished and a nationalist former general with a questionable human rights record.

The election pitting Joko Widodo and Prabowo Subianto is a repeat of the 2014 poll, which Joko narrowly won.

Joko appears to be on track for re-election, with most recent polls suggesting he has a comfortable two-digit lead, but analysts say Prabowo could still pull off a surprise.

When Joko won the election five years ago, he was an outsider with no ties to the country’s political and military elite, having risen from obscurity as a furniture businessman who later became the mayor of the mid-sized town of Solo in Central Java. 

Today he counts former generals with ties to the country’s autocratic past among his trusted aides.

Joko has touted his successes in improving the country’s dilapidated infrastructure by building new roads, ports, airports and dams.

His government has completed a trans-Java highway stretching about 1,000 kilometres and built or renovated airports and seaports. He also recently inaugurated the first metro line in the capital, Jakarta. 

But Joko’s human rights record still leaves much too be desired, activist groups and analysts say. 

Rights activists say he has not pursued meaningful policy initiatives to address past human rights violations, a key campaign promise.

The president also appears to be increasingly thin-skinned in the face of criticism. 

Joko “has allowed human rights, the rule of law and the protection of minorities to weaken since he was elected in 2014,” said Ben Bland, an Indonesia expert at the Lowy Institute, an Australian think tank.

“Law enforcement has become politicized, with government critics arrested and jailed on questionable charges,” he wrote on the institute’s website.

The president has failed to stem the anti-gay hysteria that has gripped the country over the past three years.

Police have raided places frequented by gay people and briefly detained hundreds suspected of being homosexual.

The Pariaman city government on Sumatra island last year issued a bylaw that imposes a fine of up to 1 million rupiah (71 dollars) on gay and transgender people “who conduct activity that disturbs public order” or commit “immoral same-sex acts.”

Joko’s choice as his running mate of senior Muslim cleric Ma’ruf Amin, who is known for his anti-gay views, has raised concerns that he is pandering to the religious right.

Ma’ruf, the head the Indonesian Council of Ulema (MUI), the country’s semi-official clerical body, has said that homosexuality should be criminalized and that the Ahmadiyya Muslim sect is not part of Islam.

On the economic front, growth has been stagnant, at around 5 per cent annually, falling short of Joko’s campaign promise of 7 per cent. 

Analysts said Indonesia’s economy needs to grow faster than 5 per cent to escape the so-called “middle income trap,” a phenomenon in which a country’s growth slows after reaching certain levels.

The country has also struggled with a widening account deficit and a weak currency, which fell in September to the lowest level since the 1997-1998 Asian financial crisis.

Corruption in the government remains rampant despite Joko’s reputation as incorruptible. Several of his political allies have been jailed or arrested for corruption.

Setya Novanto, chairman of the Golkar party, a member of the ruling coalition, was last year sentenced to 15 years in jail for receiving 7.3 million dollars in kickbacks for garnering parliamentary support for a 440-million-dollar government project to issue electronic ID cards.

Prabowo has promised to treat all citizens equally, regardless of their ethnicity or religion. 

“Our teachers, our Islamic clerics have always taught us that Indonesia’s Islam is one that brings good to all things in the universe,” Prabowo told more than 100,000 supporters during a rally in Jakarta recently.

But many remain suspicious of the challenger. 

Prabowo, a firebrand nationalist, counts among his supporters conservative Muslim groups that have persecuted minority Islamic sects and are opposed to gay rights.

“Minority groups like us can’t expect much of either candidate,” said a spokesman for the Ahmadiyah Indonesia Community, Yendra Budiana.

“But it’s especially so for Prabowo, as he is supported by hardline groups,” he said.

Prabowo himself has been accused of human rights violations during his time in the army in the 1990s, including over the kidnappings and disappearances of pro-democracy activists in the dying days of the Suharto regime in 1998.

He has denied the allegations.

This year’s election will be held simultaneously with parliamentary polls, which are being contested by 16 national parties.

Nearly 250,000 candidates are vying for more than 20,000 seats in the national, provincial and municipal parliaments.

About 193 million people, including 80 million people born after 1980, are eligible to vote, making it the world’s biggest direct presidential election, according to the General Election Commission. 

There will be around 800,000 polling stations and six million election workers.

Jokowi favoured for re-election, but Prabowo closing in

Indonesian President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo was in a combative mood during a campaign rally over the weekend, as he made late pitches to voters ahead of next month’s presidential election.

“I have been slandered, I have been accused of things, I was vilified and looked down on and I have been silent,” he said at a campaign stop in the central Java city of Yogyakarta on Saturday.

“But today, in Yogyakarta I say, I will fight!” he said to the cheers of his supporters who shouted: “Fight! Fight!”

Jokowi was alluding to accusations from his critics that he is anti-Muslim, that he would ban the Islamic call to prayer if he wins a second five-year term in the April 17 election, and other attacks on his character.

The president has reason to worry.

A new poll suggested that his opponent, former general Prabowo Subianto, is gaining ground.

A survey by the private pollster Litbang Kompas released last week found that Jokowi was likely to win 49.2 per cent, while Prabowo was favoured by 37.4 per cent. About 13 per cent of respondents were undecided.

It was a wake-up call for Jokowi, who had a comfortable lead of nearly 20 per cent in October.

Analysts say Jokowi appears on track for re-election if various polls are anything to go by, but Prabowo could still pull off a surprise.

“Anything can happen during the remaining campaign period,” said Adi Prayitno, a political analyst at Syarif Hidayatullah Islamic University in Jakarta.  

“The Kompas survey shows that the gap is narrowing and this should be a cause for concern for Jokowi,” he said.

Prabowo, a former special forces commander and now a wealthy businessman, has portrayed himself as a champion of the poor.

At a campaign rally on Monday in Papua province, one of the country’s poorest regions, he lambasted what he called “the Jakarta elite,” which he said has failed to bring prosperity to the people.

“The elite are only concerned about their own interests,” Prabowo told the crowd who shouted his name. “Their only motive is to enrich themselves and their relatives.” 

Jokowi has touted successes in improving the country’s dilapidated infrastructure by building new roads, ports, airports and dams.

Meanwhile, the Prabowo camp has accused the current administration of failing to shore up the economy, currently growing at 5 per cent annually, and of having a penchant for debt.

The country has also struggled with a widening current account deficit and a weak currency, which fell in September to the lowest level since the 1997-1998 Asian financial crisis.

The April election is a repeat of the 2014 poll, when Jokowi beat Prabowo narrowly after a divisive campaign period marked by mudslinging from both sides, including accusations that Joko was an ethnic Chinese communist.

This year’s election will be held simultaneously with the parliamentary polls, which are contested by 16 national parties.

Nearly 250,000 candidates are vying for the more than 20,000 seats in national, provincial and municipal parliaments.

About 193 million people, including 80 million people born after 1980, are eligible to vote, making it the world’s biggest direct presidential election, according to the General Election Commission. 

There will be around 800,000 polling stations and six million election workers.

Jokowi has chosen Ma’ruf Amin, a conservative Muslim cleric and chairman of the semi-official Indonesian Ulema Council, as his vice presidential candidate, apparently to fend off accusations that he is insufficiently Islamic.

But conservative Muslims appear determined to prevent him from being re-elected by rallying around Prabowo, according to the the Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC) in a report released this month.

“The Islamists already have had a major impact on the campaign by forcing Jokowi to defend allegations that he is anti-Islam and anti-poor and by moving the definition of what constitutes moderation to the right,” the report said.

“Their support for [Prabowo] is conditional and half-hearted, but measures taken by the Jokowi government to try to weaken, co-opt and stigmatize them as extremists have only strengthened what otherwise would be a fragile alliance,” it said.

Jakarta’s first metro line sparks enthusiasm, but not traffic panacea

Commuting in traffic-clogged Jakarta is not for the faint-hearted, but the journey to and from work will be less dreadful for some after the launch of the city’s first metro system.

Jakarta’s Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), the first metro system to be built in Indonesia, began its public trial run on March 12 and was greeted with enthusiasm by many in the city of 10 million people.  

“My impression riding MRT Jakarta? It’s very fast and comfortable,” said Helen Heldawati, an office worker in central Jakarta.

“Security is also very good. There are guards in all entrances and around the stations,” said Helen who, like about 200,000 other people, registered online to be the among the first to try the service.

Officials hope that the 16-kilometre MRT line will reduce Jakarta’s legendary traffic jams, which each year get worse as a growing middle class buys more and more cars and motorcycles.

A study by the app-based transportation firm Uber and the Boston Consulting Group released in 2017 revealed that Jakarta residents spent 22 days a year in traffic, longer than residents in any other major Asian city.  

The study also found that 74 per cent of Jakartans had missed important events such as wedding parties, appointments with doctors, job interviews and funerals because of difficulty finding a parking space.

President Joko Widodo, who tried the service for the first time last week, said it would motivate people to use public transportation instead of private cars or motorcycles.

He said this month that traffic jams in the greater Jakarta area, home to about 30 million people, cost 4.5 billion dollars a year.

“I’m pleasantly surprised that members of the public are very enthusiastic in trying the MRT,” Joko told reporters.

“This is the beginning of a new culture of commuting,” said Joko, who officially launched the service on Sunday.  

Joko, who became president in 2014, has made improving the country’s dilapidated infrastructure a priority during his first five-year term in office.

He is seeking re-election in the April 17 presidential poll and is eager to tout his achievements to voters.  

After years in the pipeline, construction on the 16-kilometre line, funded by Japan, began in 2013 and cost 16 trillion Indonesian rupiah (1.1 billion dollars).

The line, stretching from Lebak Bulus in southern Jakarta to the Hotel Indonesia roundabout in the city’s centre, consists of six underground and seven elevated stations.   

Construction will begin this year on a second line, extending 8.6 kilometres to the city’s north, officials said.  

A light train service is being built to connect Jakarta and the satellite cities of Bogor and Bekasi and is expected to be completed by 2022. 

The city administration has to heavily subsidize MRT Jakarta’s operations to keep fares low and affordable to commuters.

Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan estimated that the MRT cost 1 trillion Indonesian rupiah in subsidies a year.

Fares have not been set despite the planned April l commercial launch, but Baswedan said he expected commuters to be charged 1,000 rupiah per kilometre.

“Money is tight, so there’s no way we will make it free,” Baswedan said, commenting on suggestions from some city councillors that Jakarta residents not be charged.    

Some experts are sceptical that the new train service will reduce traffic congestion.

“It was long overdue and it should have been built many years ago,” said Djoko Setijowarno, a transportation analyst at Soegijapranata University.

“A 16-kilometre line won’t make a dent in traffic. The network has to be widened and it has to be more integrated with other modes of transport,” he said.    

MRT Jakarta chief executive William Sabandar agreed.

“The MRT alone won’t solve the problem of traffic jams, but with integration with other modes of transport, such as the rapid bus system, hopefully congestion can be reduced,” he said. 

Nonetheless, some Jakarta residents are relieved that their wait for a modern metro system is over.

“Jakarta is now on par with other modern cities,” said Albert Hendrik, a university student.

“The subway stations are very modern, like in Japan,” he said.  

Akbar Mapaleo, a 35-year-old graphic designer, brought his wife and two young children to ride one of the shiny new trains.

“It’s very comfortable. I feel like I’m in Singapore. I’m going to ride it to and from work,” he said.