Tag: Jokowi

More than 300 election workers in Indonesia die of exhaustion

At least 287 polling station workers and 18 police officers have died mainly from exhaustion and illnesses associated with overwork after Indonesia’s elections this month, officials said Monday.

The world’s fourth-largest country held the legislative and presidential elections in a single day for the first time on April 17, but the high death toll prompted public calls for the polls to be held separately. 

“So far, 287 election workers across the country have died and 2,095 have fallen ill,” said Arief Priyo Susanto, spokesman for the General Election Commission.

“The main cause of the deaths is exhaustion and some accidents and illnesses caused by exhaustion,” he added.

The electoral commission said a total of 150 workers died from similar causes during the 2014 presidential and legislative elections, which were held three months apart. 

More than seven million workers were involved in what many experts described as the world’s largest and most complicated single-day election, with voting and vote-counting conducted manually. 

Nearly 193 million Indonesians were eligible to vote, with the turnout estimated at 81 per cent.

Voters elected a president, 575 members of the House of Representatives, 136 members of the Regional Representative Council and almost 20,000 members of local legislatures.

Officials said holding the elections simultaneously was a cost-saving measure, but it has proved to be a massive logistical challenge to distribute ballot papers and ballot boxes across the far-flung archipelago. 

National police spokesman Dedi Prasetyo said 18 officers also died from working long hours during the elections. 

The government has promised to provide compensation of up to 36 million rupiah (2,500 dollars) for surviving families.

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2019 elections: Another test of Indonesian democracy?

Dozens of people involved in the 2019 election have died. They were members of the polling station working committee (KPPS) and police who had reportedly suffered from exhaustion after working long hours to count the ballots after”the most complicated single-day election in the world”.

The news is shocking because the election went peacefully. The question worth asking is: Why? Is the sacrifice worth it?

The simultaneous elections, in which voters had to cast five ballots at once, were intended to save cost and time, but it appears that the General Election Commission (KPU) did not anticipate how long the counting process would take at the polling station level.

The KPU conducted a simulation on how long it would take for each voter to cast five ballots in each booth, which is about five minutes. But it seems they did not anticipate how long it would take for each polling station to count all the ballots.

If at least 190 million people voted in the April 17 elections, there are at least 950 million ballot papers that must be counted. The results from each polling station is recorded in the C1 form, to make its way into KPU’s total ballots count.

Imagine just how daunting the work must have been.

Some friends who helped at the polling stations said that they had to work around the clock. Although it is clear that their dedication is inspiring, the high death toll should prompt the KPU to reevaluate the conduct of a simultaneous elections such as this.

Should the next legislative and presidential elections be held on the same day again? One life lost is too many.

What is at stake?

The 2019 presidential election is a repeat of 2014 elections, in which Joko “Jokowi” Widodo beat Prabowo by a narrow margin. This time around, Jokowi is expected to win 54%, a slight improvement from 53.15% in 2014.

Just like in 2014, Prabowo claimed that he won the election and alleged widespread attempts of fraud throughout the elections. Even in the lead-up to the elections, the opposition camp has raised publicly the prospect of the elections being rigged in favour of Jokowi.

Tensions have risen in recent days amid fears that Prabowo will resort to mobilising his supporters to revolt over the election fraud allegations, which remain unproven.

Although for some people, the plot thickens.

Rumours about seven containers of ballots pre-marked for Jokowi went viral on social media during the campaign period. A week before voting day, the Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) reported that bags of ballots pre-cast for Jokowi had been found in two warehouses in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

As an icing on the cake, former People’s Consultative Assembly chairman Amien Rais went so far as threatening for “people power” if the elections were rigged.

Fearing for a possible post-election unrest, chiefs of the Indonesian Armed Forces (TNI) and the National Police issued a joint warning that “anarchic acts” and attempts to undermine the electoral process would be dealt with sternly.

Prabowo has been an active participant of national elections three times, but this year’s election appeared to have been the last straw that broke the camel’s back, so to speak.

After the reformasi movement brought down Soeharto in 1998, Prabowo was forced to end his military career due to accusations that he was involved in the disappearances of pro-democracy activists. He moved to Jordan after being dismissed from the military and returned to Indonesia two years later to start a new life as a businessman.

In the 2009 election, Prabowo was picked as the running mate of Megawati Soekarnoputri, reportedly on the agreement that she would back Prabowo as a presidential candidate in 2014. But instead, Megawati picked Joko Widodo (whom she often referred as “the party’s officer), who successfully ran in the gubernatorial election two years earlier, on Prabowo’s backing.

It appears that the perceived betrayal has angered Prabowo, who during campaign rallies often railed against what he called the “untrustworthy political elite in Jakarta”.

Prabowo’s political failures over the past decade could reach a boiling point when combined with the dissatisfaction of some hardline Islamic groups with the current government’s policy which they perceived as anti-Islam.

Black flags with the shahada inscription often associated with the Hizbut-Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) could be seen during Prabowo’s campaign rallies, despite the government’s decision to ban the organization.

It was for this reason former president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, whose Democratic Party backed Prabowo in the election, reportedly expressed concerns about visible religious symbols at Prabowo’s rally at the Bung Karno stadium on April 7 and called it “too exclusive.”

It is our hope that Prabowo’s grudges, coupled with the encouragement of Islamic groups who also feel oppressed by Jokowi’s government, will not degenerate into “people power.” After all, despite the 21 years of experimenting with democracy, the memories of 1998 unrest continue to haunt us.

The 2019 election will be a test: has Indonesia as a nation grown more mature in exercising democracy? Can allegations of fraud and other irregularities be resolved constitutionally and with dignity?

These coming days will be recorded in the annals of history. Are we moving forward or backward?

Pemilu serentak 2019: ujian bagi demokrasi Indonesia?

Sampai saat opini ini ditulis, sudah puluhan orang yang terlibat dalam pelaksanaan pemilu 2019 meninggal dunia. Mereka adalah anggota KPPS maupun POLRI yang kabarnya didera oleh kelelahan karena harus bekerja secara simultan menghitung hasil suara dan mengamankan jalannya pemilu yang disebut sebagai “paling rumit di seluruh dunia” ini.

Kabar duka tersebut sungguh membuat kita terhenyak dan prihatin. Puluhan orang meninggal bukan dalam konflik atau kekerasan, melainkan justru dalam sebuah pemilu yang berlangsung relatif damai. Mengapa bisa sampai demikian? Apakah ini sesuatu yang normal dan layak dianggap sepadan?

Saya kira Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU) pun tidak menyangka bahwa pemilihan yang awalnya dirancang untuk menghemat biaya dan waktu dengan cara menggabungkan pemilihan legislatif dan presiden secara bersamaan, justru akan memakan banyak korban karena proses penghitungan yang sangat lama, mengingat 190 juta lebih pemilih harus mencoblos lima surat suara sekaligus.

Seingat saya, dalam persiapannya KPU hanya melakukan simulasi tentang berapa lama waktu yang diperlukan bagi setiap pemilih untuk mencoblos di setiap bilik, yaitu sekitar lima menit. Sepertinya KPU tidak melakukan simulasi berapa lama setiap TPS akan menghitung surat suara yang sudah dicoblos tersebut.

Jika minimal ada 190 juta pemilih pada pemilu kemarin, maka setidaknya ada 950 juta lembar surat suara yang harus dihitung! Untuk kemudian dibuat rekapitulasi dalam bentuk formulir C1, dan sesudahnya harus dikawal sampai hasilnya bisa dihitung oleh KPU pusat.

Bayangkan betapa lelahnya para petugas KPPS.

Beberapa teman yang membantu di TPS mengatakan bahwa mereka bekerja dari pagi sampai pagi lagi agar bisa menyelesaikan tugasnya. Sungguh luar biasa dedikasi dan pengorbanan mereka bagi kelanjutan demokrasi Indonesia.

Kejadian ini harus menjadi perhatian khusus dan evaluasi bagi KPU, apakah pemilihan legislatif dan presiden selanjutnya akan kembali digabung? karena sesungguhnya, satu nyawa pun tidak boleh menjadi korban untuk suatu hal yang seharusnya bisa diperkirakan sebelumnya.

Peserta pemilu dan Pertaruhan Demokrasi Indonesia

Pemilihan presiden 2019 merupakan kilas balik pemilu 2014, baik pesertanya maupun yang terjadi sesudahnya. Kita semuanya seperti mengalami de já vu.

Seperti yang diperkirakan oleh beberapa lembaga hitung cepat, petahana Presiden Joko Widodo diperkirakan menang dengan kisaran suara 55%, sementara Prabowo Subianto mendapatkan sekitar 45%. Hasil ini sebenarnya sebuah peningkatan, karena ketika memenangkan pemilihan presiden 2014, Jokowi hanya mendapatkan 53,15% suara.

Seperti pada tahun 2014, Prabowo yang saat itu berpasangan dengan Hatta Rajasa juga melakukan klaim kemenangan yang disertai dengan sujud syukur. Pada pemilu kali ini, Prabowo bahkan sampai melakukan tiga kali pidato kemenangan, dengan klaim telah meraih 62% suara.

Yang mengkhawatirkan pada pemilu 2019 adalah semakin menguatnya isu SARA, penyebaran kabar bohong (hoax) dan kemungkinan konflik akibat pengerahan massa (people power) atas klaim kecurangan pemilu.

Seperti sebuah pra-kondisi sebelum pelaksanaan pemilu 17 April, narasi bahwa pemilu akan diwarnai dengan kecurangan sudah dimunculkan ke publik. Dimulai dengan kabar hoax tentang tujuh kontainer surat suara yang sudah dicoblos, disusul dengan beredarnya video surat suara yang dicoblos untuk Jokowi di Malaysia, sampai ancaman untuk pengerahan people power dari politisi senior Amien Rais.

Sebagai jawaban, panglima TNI memberikan warning cukup keras kepada publik, bahwa pengacau pemilu yang disebutnya akan “mengancam jalannya demokrasi” akan berhadapan langsung dengan kekuatan TNI.

Prabowo yang sudah tiga kali menjadi peserta aktif pemilu sepertinya sudah “sangat geram” dengan kompilasi situasi politik yang dilaluinya sejak 1998. Ketika gelombang gerakan yang menuntut terjadinya pergantian pemimpin nasional akhirnya berhasil menurunkan Presiden Suharto (yang juga mantan mertuanya), karir militernya terhenti akibat tuduhan penculikan aktivis pro-demokrasi sehingga ia harus pindah ke Yordania memulai hidup baru sebagai pebisnis.

Pada pemilu 2009, Prabowo maju sebagai calon wakil presiden Megawati Soekarnoputri, dimana terdapat sebuah perjanjian antara keduanya bahwa pada pemilu 2014, Megawati akan ganti mendukungnya maju dalam pilpres sebagai calon presiden.

Namun seperti yang kita semua ketahui, alih-alih mendukung Prabowo maju sebagai capres pada pilpres 2014, Megawati justru memunculkan Joko Widodo (yang sering disebutnya sebagai “petugas partai”), dimana ironisnya pada pemilihan gubernur Jakarta 2012 lalu, Jokowi berhasil terpilih setelah dibiayai oleh Prabowo.

Saking geramnya dengan tikung menikung dalam dunia perpolitikan, dalam berbagai sesi kampanye-nya Prabowo sering menghujat “elite politik Jakarta” yang bahkan disebutnya sebagai bajingan.

Kegeraman Prabowo yang sudah berkali-kali gagal dalam pemilu selama satu dekade terakhir ini, sepertinya bisa saja berakhir tragis karena “bersambut gayung” dengan gerakan lain yang juga kesal dengan pemerintahan Jokowi selama hampir lima tahun terakhir ini.

Seperti kita ketahui, bendera hitam yang identik dengan lambang Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) sering berkibar dengan bebas di kampanye Prabowo, walaupun telah dilarang keberadaannya sebagai sebuah organisasi di Indonesia. Pasca pelarangan HTI, Jokowi sering disebut sebagai “pemimpin anti Islam”, sehingga pendukung dan gerakan yang menonjolkan identitas Islam yang makin menguat mengambil posisi di kubu Prabowo.

Dalam kampanye akbar terakhir sebelum pemilu (7/4) di Gelora Bung Karno, mantan presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono yang berada dalam barisan partai politik pendukung Prabowo juga dikabarkan tidak setuju dengan konsep kampanye Prabowo yang disebut sebagai “terlalu eksklusif” dan tak lazim, dimana kampanye tersebut dimulai dengan sholat berjamaah pendukung yang memenuhi GBK, dilanjutkan dengan zikir dan shalawat.

Koleksi kegeraman Prabowo terhadap sekumpulan elite yang disebutnya sebagai bajingan, ditambah dengan dorongan kelompok Islam yang juga merasa dizalimi oleh pemerintahan Jokowi, semoga tidak berlanjut dalam bentuk people power. Walaupun selama 21 tahun kita sudah memilih jalur demokrasi dan melaksanakan reformasi, ingatan akan sejarah kelam 1998 sepertinya masih sangat lekat, sehingga setiap ada pihak yang menyebut “people power”, otomatis ingatan kita menuju pada memori 1998.

Mungkin dalam sejarah pemilihan umum di Indonesia, tidak ada satupun pemilu yang diawasi dengan sangat ketat oleh masyarakat secara langsung seperti pemilu 2019 ini. Media sosial penuh dengan kekhawatiran akan kecurangan, sehingga foto formulir C1 bertebaran dimana-mana. Bahkan selisih suara di beberapa TPS pun membuat KPU harus segera mengakui dan memperbaiki, karena kredibilitas KPU sebagai penyelenggara pemilu yang sedari awal sering dituduh berpihak, akan menjadi taruhannya.

Pemilu 2019 akan menjadi sebuah ujian: apakah Indonesia sebagai bangsa telah semakin dewasa dan matang dalam berdemokrasi? Apakah kecurangan, ketidakpuasan, dan sebagainya dapat diselesaikan secara konstitusional dan bermartabat?

Hari-hari ini, sampai dengan dilakukannya evaluasi pelaksanaan dan diumumkannya hasil resmi pemilu oleh KPU secara aman dan damai, akan menjadi sebuah catatan dalam sejarah demokrasi Indonesia.

Apakah kita akan maju, atau malah mundur?

Prabowo tells pollsters to move to Antarctica as he rejects unofficial election results

Indonesian presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto on Friday accused pollsters of lying after unofficial counts showed he lost this week’s election to incumbent President Joko Widodo, telling them to move to Antarctica.

Prabowo has rejected the so-called quick counts, released by private pollsters from samples of polling stations, that give Joko an 8-percentage-point lead over Prabowo.

“Ladies and gentlemen, do you trust fake pollsters?” Prabowo asked more than 1,000 supporters gathering outside his house in south Jakarta.

The crowd responded in unison: “No!”

“You cheating pollsters may be able to lie to penguins in Antarctica, but Indonesia doesn’t want to listen to you anymore,” Prabowo said.

Supporters gathered outside Prabowo’s spacious house and chanted religious songs after Friday prayers.

Quick counts have proved accurate in predicting winners in past Indonesian elections.

But Prabowo said that actual votes at more than 300,000 polling stations showed him leading with 62 per cent.

Prabowo said Thursday that he had won the presidency and urged his supporters to monitor the official vote count to stop cheating.

“We are declaring our victory early because we have proof that there have been various attempts at fraud in many villages, sub-districts, districts and cities across Indonesia,” he said.

Official results will not be announced until later next month. 

He made a similar claim of victory in 2014 after unofficial counts showed that he lost narrowly to Joko.  

Joko, for his part, said that he had “99 per cent” confidence in the quick count results pointing to his victory.

Indonesia’s armed forces chief, Air Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto, warned that any unrest would be dealt with sternly. 

“We will not tolerate and will take stern action against attempts to disturb public order or unconstitutional acts that undermine the democratic process,” he said. 

Prabowo declares victory, claims fraud attempts by opponents after Indonesian election

Indonesian President Joko Widodo appeared set to win a second term after this week’s election, according to unofficial counts, but his rival declared victory and claimed widespread attempts at cheating.

Unofficial tallies from Wednesday’s presidential election put Joko on track for a second term with a 8-point lead over former general Prabowo Subianto.

The quick counts from a sample of representative polling stations put Joko ahead with around 54 per cent, while Prabowo trailed on 46 per cent.

Such counts have proved accurate in predicting past election winners in Indonesia.

But Prabowo rejected the unofficial tally and claimed that counts of actual votes at more than 300,000 polling stations showed him leading with 62 per cent.

He remained defiant on Thursday, claiming victory once again and accusing his opponents of trying to rig the election.  

“Today I, Prabowo Subianto and Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno, declare our victory as president and vice president of the Republic of Indonesia for the period of 2019-2024 based on more than 62 per cent of our real vote calculation,” Prabowo told a news conference at his house.

“We are declaring our victory early because we have proof that there have been various attempts at fraud in many villages, sub-districts, districts and cities across Indonesia,” he added.

He made a similar claim of victory in 2014 after unofficial counts showed that he lost narrowly to Joko.  

Joko said he had received congratulations from Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on the successful election. 

Plans by Prabowo’s supporters to hold a rally in central Jakarta on Friday to celebrate victory have raised fears of unrest. 

But Indonesia’s armed forces chief, Air Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto, warned that security forces were “ready to maintain security and stability.” 

“We will not tolerate and will take stern action against attempts to disturb public order or unconstitutional acts that undermine the democratic process,” he told a news conference on Thursday. 

Quick counts from the legislative election showed Joko’s Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) leading with around 20 per cent. 

Gerindra, the party of opposition presidential candidate Prabowo, came second with nearly 13 per cent. 

Both parties carry nationalist platforms. 

Official results will not be announced until later next month. 

Sixteen national political parties contested 575 seats in the national parliament in Wednesday’s legislative election.

About 193 million people, including 80 million people born after 1980, were eligible to vote, according to the General Elections Commission.

Turnout was 81 per cent, an increase from 70 per cent in 2014, according to security minister Wiranto.  

Some voters in Papua, the country’s easternmost province, were scheduled to cast their ballots on Thursday after election supplies were not distributed on voting day.

Jokowi: No longer a political outsider

When Joko Widodo was elected president in 2014, he was hailed as the first Indonesian leader with no ties to the country’s military and political elites.

Now, Joko is seeking a second term as president in Wednesday’s election with the support of political parties with the most seats in parliament and several former generals with ties to the country’s autocratic past.

Joko grew up in a poor neighbourhood in the Central Java town of
Solo, where his father worked as a carpenter, according to his
official biography.

He helped his father with work after school and sold home-made snacks
to supplement the family’s income.

Critics say his family was actually middle-class and owned a
furniture business, and that the story of his humble beginnings was
played up to appeal to voters.

Jokowi, as he is better known, graduated with a degree in forestry
management from Gadjah Mada University, one of the country’s best,
and later started his own furniture business.

He was elected mayor of his native Solo in 2005 and again in 2010,
developing a reputation as a proactive leader with a common touch.

His folksy style has endeared him to regular people.

In 2012, he was elected governor of Jakarta after promising to
tackle the city’s perennial problems, including chronic congestion
and flooding.

He did not solve either, but did kick off two major public
transportation projects in his constituency, and was praised for
streamlining the bureaucracy and providing free health care for the
poor.

As governor he frequently visited Jakarta’s poor neighbourhoods and
talked to residents, a practice that has become known locally as “blusukan.”

The story of his humble beginnings and simple lifestyle appears to
resonate with ordinary Indonesians.

Joko’s account of his life is a departure in Indonesian politics,
where it was previously unthinkable for someone from a humble
background to become even a party leader.

A heavy metal fan, Joko has been seen at several concerts and
mingled with fans at gigs.

But Joko is not without critics.

His promise for a departure from politics as usual remains largely unfulfilled.

After being elected in 2014, he filled his cabinet with officials from political parties that supported him, despite a promise not to be beholden to vested interests.  

Opponents have accused him of engaging more in ceremonial activities than actual governing during his first term in office.

He frequently jets to remote parts of the far-flung archipelago to inaugurate projects.

Analysts and rights groups say he has allowed human rights, respect for the rule of law and the protection of minorities to deteriorate during his firm term.

“Law enforcement has become politicized, with government critics arrested and jailed on questionable charges,” said Ben Bland, an Indonesia expert at Lowy Institute, an Australian think tank.

But the married father-of-three remains the most popular politician in Indonesia.

Recent polls suggested that he had a comfortable two-digit lead over his opponent, former general Prabowo Subianto.

Jokowi Lebih Favorit, tapi Prabowo Menempel Ketat

Presiden Joko Widodo agaknya sedang dalam suasana hati yang agresif selama kampanye belakangan ini. Ia sepertinya ingin menumpahkan perasaanya menjelang pemilihan presiden yang tinggal beberapa hari ini.

“Saya sudah difitnah, dituduh, dan direndahkan, dan saya selama ini diam,” katanya dalam sebuah kampanye di Yogyakarta beberapa waktu lalu.

“Tapi hari ini, saya katakan, saya akan melawan!” Katanya di depan pendukungnya yang menyambut dengan sorak-sorai dan teriakan terhadap ajakan tersebut. Jokowi menyebutkan berbagai tuduhan dari para pengkritiknya bahwa ia anti-Muslim, dan bahkan akan melarang azan jika terpilih lagi untuk masa jabatan lima tahun kedua setelah pemilihan 17 April nanti.

Sebenarnya cukup wajar jika Presiden Jokowi khawatir.

Berbagai jajak pendapat mendekati pemilu serentak kurang dari seminggu ini menunjukkan bahwa lawannya, mantan jenderal Prabowo Subianto, justru semakin menguat.

Survei jajak pendapat yang dilakukan oleh Litbang Kompas menghentak publik setelah memaparkan bahwa Jokowi kemungkinan akan menang dengan suara hanya 49,2 persen, sementara Prabowo meraih 37,4 persen. Sekitar 13 persen responden menyatakan belum memutuskan atau tidak menjawab.

Pasal 6A Ayat (3) UUD 1945 menyebutkan ”Pasangan calon Presiden dan Wakil Presiden yang mendapatkan suara lebih dari lima puluh persen dari jumlah suara dalam pemilihan umum dengan sedikitnya dua puluh persen suara di setiap provinsi yang tersebar di lebih dari setengah jumlah provinsi di Indonesia, dilantik menjadi Presiden dan Wakil Presiden”.

Survey Kompas tersebut menjadi semacam panggilan “untuk bangun” bagi Jokowi, yang selama ini sangat percaya diri karena memiliki keunggulan suara hampir 20 persen pada Oktober 2018. Padahal, untuk bisa memenangkan pilpres sesuai dengan amanat undang-undang, ia perlu lebih dari 50 persen suara.

Berbagai analis mengatakan, dengan trend yang ada dari berbagai survey yang sudah dipublikasikan, Jokowi kemungkinan besar akan terpilih kembali, tetapi Prabowo masih bisa memberikan kejutan.

“Apapun bisa terjadi selama masa periode kampanye yang tersisa,” kata Adi Prayitno, seorang analis politik di Universitas Islam Syarif Hidayatullah di Jakarta. “Survei Kompas menunjukkan bahwa selisih suara sudah menyempit dan ini harus menjadi perhatian bagi Jokowi,” katanya.

Prabowo, mantan komandan pasukan khusus TNI yang kemudian menjadi pengusaha, sering mengangkat tema kemiskinan dalam setiap kampanye yang dilakukannya.

Pada kampanye di Papua beberapa waktu lalu, ia kembali melancarkaan kritik keras kepada “elit Jakarta” yang katanya telah gagal membawa kesejahteraan bagi rakyat.

“Elite hanya peduli dengan kepentingan mereka sendiri,” kata Prabowo di hadapan banyak pendukung yang meneriakkan namanya. “Satu-satunya motif mereka adalah untuk memperkaya diri sendiri dan kerabat mereka.” katanya.

Sementara itu, Jokowi selalu mengangkat keberhasilan dalam memperbaiki infrastruktur negara dengan membangun jalan, pelabuhan, bandara, dan bendungan baru.

Akan tetapi, kubu Prabowo menuduh pemerintah telah gagal menggenjot perekonomian yang saat ini tumbuh sebesar lima persen per tahun, serta memiliki kecenderungan untuk berhutang yang sering dijadikan sebagai bahan untuk menyerang kebijakannya.

Pada kampanye presiden 2014, Jokowi berjanji untuk membawa pertumbuhan ekonomi Indonesia pada level tujuh persen.

Indonesia juga tengah berjuang untuk memperbaiki defisit neraca berjalan yang makin melebar serta nilai mata uang yang lemah, dimana pada bulan September 2018 pernah jatuh ke level terendah sejak krisis keuangan Asia 1997-1998.

Pemilu 17 April 2019 adalah sebuah episode pengulangan dari pemilu 2014, dimana Jokowi berhasil mengalahkan Prabowo dengan selisih angka yang tipis setelah kampanye yang memecah-belah masyarakat, termasuk tuduhan bahwa Jokowi adalah seorang komunis dan etnis Tionghoa.

Pemilu tahun ini akan dilaksanalan bersamaan dengan pemilihan anggota legislatif, yang diperebutkan oleh 16 partai nasional. Hampir 250.000 kandidat bersaing untuk mendapatkan lebih dari 20.000 kursi di parlemen nasional, provinsi dan kota.

Sekitar 193 juta orang, termasuk 80 juta orang yang lahir setelah tahun 1980 (generasi milenial) berhak memilih. Menurut Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU), hal ini menjadikan pemilihan 2019 sebagai pemilihan langsung terbesar di dunia, dimana akan ada sekitar 800.000 TPS dan enam juta orang yang terlibat.

Jokowi memilih Ma’ruf Amin, seorang ulama Muslim konservatif dan ketua Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) sebagai calon wakil presidennya, sebuah langkah politik yang disebut banyak pengamat sebagai upaya untuk menangkis tuduhan bahwa ia kurang Islami.

Institut Analisis Kebijakan Konflik (IPAC) menyatakan dalam sebuah laporan yang dirilis belum lama ini, nampaknya kelompok Muslim konservatif sudah bertekad agar Jokowi tidak terpilih kembali dengan menggalang dukungan di sekitar Prabowo.

“Kelompok Muslim memiliki dampak besar sehingga memaksa Jokowi untuk membela diri dari tuduhan bahwa ia anti-Islam dan anti orang miskin dengan melakukan tindakan-tindakan yang justru membuat definisi moderat menjadi terlalu ke kanan,” kata laporan itu.

“Dukungan mereka untuk [Prabowo] bersyarat dan setengah hati, tetapi langkah-langkah yang diambil oleh pemerintahan Jokowi untuk mencoba melemahkan, mengkooptasi dan menstigma mereka sebagai ekstremis justru malah memperkuat sebuah aliansi yang sebenarnya rapuh,” tambahnya.