Tag: KPK

Second student dies after anti-government rally turns violent in Sulawesi

 A second student has died after protesters clashed with police on Indonesia’s Sulawesi island during a rally against legislation that critics fear would undermine freedoms and anti-corruption efforts, an official said Friday.

Police fired tear gas to quell rock-throwing protesters who gathered outside the legislative council building in Kendari, the capital of South-east Sulawesi on Thursday. 

One student died of a bullet wound during the violence, authorities said.

“This morning, another student, who was critically injured, died because of bleeding in the head,” said the chief provincial ombudsman, Mastri Susilo.   

This week tens of thousands of students across the country have been holding daily protests, which have often turned violent, against revisions to the criminal code which include the criminalization of sex outside marriage, co-habitation and insulting the president.

The violence in Kendari followed clashes on Tuesday in Jakarta that left more than 260 students and 39 police injured as security personnel and protesters faced each other outside the national parliament building, police said.

The proposed changes to the criminal code would see consensual sex outside of marriage punishable by up to one year in prison, while a couple living together without being married could be jailed for up to six months.

Anyone who insults the president or vice president could be handed a prison term of up to four-and-a-half years. This was decriminalized by the Constitutional Court in 2016 after a legal challenge by citizens.

The protesters also demanded the government revoke recent revisions to a law governing the country’s anti-corruption commission that activists warn could severely threaten the body’s independence.

The protesters also demanded the government revoke recent revisions to a law governing the country’s anti-corruption commission that activists warn could severely threaten the body’s independence.

President Joko Widodo on Thursday sought to reassure the public that he remained committed to democracy. “Don’t you ever doubt my commitment on this,” he told reporters.

He said he was considering issuing a decree in lieu of law to replace the recently passed bill on the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK).

“We will decide and inform the public soon,” he said. KPK commissioners and activists have criticized Joko for agreeing to the revision, saying that the changes could spell the end of the independent body.

Since it was established in 2002, the KPK has arrested and prosecuted former ministers, governors, central bankers and legislators with a conviction rate of nearly 100 per cent.

The agency’s success has made it one of the most respected institutions in a country where confidence in law enforcement agencies is low.

Earlier this month, the parliament also picked a new board of commissioners for KPK, led by a police general accused of ethic violations when he was an investigator at the commission.

The appointment of the police general, Firli Bahuri, prompted the current board of commissioners to tender their resignation to Joko.

KPK officials said that Firli was dismissed as an investigator last year after he met with two suspects being investigated by the agency.

Since it was established in 2002, the KPK has arrested and prosecuted former ministers, governors, central bankers and legislators with a conviction rate of nearly 100 per cent.

The agency’s success has made it one of the most respected institutions in a country where confidence in law enforcement agencies is low.

Indonesia’s House speaker evades arrest in graft case

The speaker of Indonesia’s parliament has evaded an attempt by the country’s anti-corruption commission to arrest him as a suspect in a huge graft case, the commission said.

The Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) has accused House of Representatives speaker Setya Novanto of corruption in a 440-million-dollar project to make electronic ID cards during the previous government.

Investigators came to Novanto’s house late Wednesday with an arrest warrant but he was nowhere to be found, said KPK spokesman Febri Diansyah.

“We’re still looking for him, but we don’t know where he is,” Diansyah said.

Novanto’s lawyer, Fredrich Yunadi, said his wife did not know where he was.

“The family is very worried but there’s nothing we can do,” he said.

Losses to the state as a result of corruption in the project are estimated at 2.3 trillion rupiah (172 million dollars), according to the commission.

Novanto is also the chairman of the Golkar Party, a member of the ruling coalition, and an ally of President Joko Widodo.

KPK first named Novanto a suspect in the case in August but a court ruled there was insufficient initial evidence to justify the step in a pre-trial decision.

Last week, the commission again formally named him a suspect.

A wealthy businessman himself, Novanto met US President Donald Trump in September 2015, while the latter was campaigning for the presidency, to discuss investment in Indonesia.

After Trump came to power, President Joko tasked Novanto with establishing a rapport with the new US administration.

Novanto has denied any wrongdoing.

Two officials at the Home Affairs Ministry have been sentenced to seven and five years in prison in the case, while a businessman is also on trial.

More than 30 members of parliament from the 2004-09 period, plus a former Home Affairs minister, have been implicated in the case.

In April, a top investigator for the anti-corruption commission investigating the case, Novel Baswedan, had acid thrown in his face by two attackers.

He is still being treated in a Singapore hospital. Nobody has yet been arrested for the crime.

Indonesian official fired over typing error

An official who mistyped the official name of Indonesia’s  anti-corruption agency to suggest that it protects corrupt officials has been fired, Home Affairs Minister Tjahjo Kumolo said. Continue reading “Indonesian official fired over typing error”

Chief detective refuses to declare his wealth

Indonesia’s chief police detective Comr. Gen. Budi Waseso has declined to declare his wealth to the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) amid a feud between the two institutions. Continue reading “Chief detective refuses to declare his wealth”

Has civilian leadership failed Indonesia’s reform movement?

My heart sank  when I read the news the other day that more than 50,000 soldiers would be deployed to help farmers achieve President Joko Widodo’s goal of self-sufficiency in rice production for the next two years.

So the commander in chief has ordered professional soldiers to trade  guns for hoes and ploughes and wade through muddy rice fields.

As desperate as it may sound, this is not the first time soldiers have been assigned jobs outside their professional role for the Indonesia’s armed forces (TNI).

The Army’s elite commandos- Kopassus- have taken part in cleaning the garbage-clogged Ciliwung river as part of the city administration’s efforts to prevent annual floods.

Just recently, the highly respected Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) also asked the TNI to fill its secretary-general position and contribute investigators as KPK has been embroiled in what many perceive to be an inter-agency feud with the police.

The speculation of a conflict between the police and the KPK came to the fore again after the police arrested senior KPK investigator Novel Baswedan for his alleged involvement of an assault case dating back in 2004. The police are also investigating KPK top officials – Abraham Samad and  Bambang Widjojanto – now suspended – in separate, old cases.

Jokowi, under public pressure, has demanded an end to the witch-hunt against KPK, but his calls appear to have fallen on deaf ears.

Some say the police have more respect for Jokowi’s predecessor, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who is a retired army general.

SBY is also the founder and later chairman of the Democrat Party, allowing him to lead on his own terms. In contrast, Jokowi is only a “party officer,” to use the term popularised by PDI Perjuangan chairwoman Megawati Sukarnoputri.

Perhaps Indonesians should start getting used to an increased presence of TNI in public life, as various ministries are also queuing to enlist soldiers to help and do civilian tasks.

Transportation Minister Ignasius Jonan and TNI chief Gen. Moeldoko have signed a memorandum of understanding allowing the military to deploy armed personnel to secure vital transportation hubs.

Under this agreement, all seaports, airports, railway networks and bus stations in the country will officially be under the protection of TNI personnel.

The Law and Human Rights Minister Yasonna H. Laoly signed a cooperation agreement with the TNI under which the military will deploy its personnel to guard prisons throughout the country as the ministry does not have enough qualified prison guards.

A opinion poll conducted recently by the Indonesian Survey Institute (LSI) found that the public’s trust in the TNI was at an all-time high.

Respondents to the survey placed the TNI as the most-trusted institution, in the same league as the presidency and above the KPK. Meanwhile, the National Police ranked sixth out of 11 institutions.

This raises a critical question: Whatever happened to so-called civilian supremacy?

Shouldn’t local leaders be the ones who send farming instructors to help farmers? Shouldn’t people who throw their garbage to the river be held accountable for their action? And what do you mean exactly Mr. Yasona, when you say we don’t have enough prison guards?- Shouldn’t the police be at the forefront of  fighting  crimes and providing domestic security after they were separated from the military 15 years ago?

The TNI was used by the late president Suharto to guard his presidency for more than three decades. Under Suharto, the military was assigned the “dual function” role – both as a security and political entity, allowing its presence even in the nooks and crannies of the vast archipelago.

There was a time when democracy activists joked “You can’t say the D (democracy) word, because all walls have ears”.

But then the wind of change came and Indonesia today is the third largest democracy in the world.

One of the most significant achievements of the reform movement  was to create a  clear line between security matters and defence. This was formalised in a People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) decree in 2000.

But the civilian leadership has been hollowed out by power and corruption, a danger recognised clearly by Lord Acton.

Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW) listed 47 directly elected regional leaders who were involved in graft cases in 2014, up from 35 in the previous year. Some say, to become a governor, one needs funding of around Rp 100 billion (US$11.14 million), while the governor’s salary is only Rp 8.7 million per month.

A recent ICW report states that the regional budget has become the biggest contributor to the potential losses to the state due to corruption cases that have occurred in the first half of 2010. According to ICW data, corruption cases of the regional budget in 2010 have cost the state about Rp 596.23 billion, out of a total of Rp 1.2 trillion in state losses due to corruption.

So while civilian leaders are busy enriching themselves- basically ignoring the people who directly voted for them- they are asking the military to clean up their mess, and do their jobs.

People are fed up with 15 years of corrupt leadership just like they were fed up with the same thing for three decades.

Civilian leaders should start to get their act together and do their jobs, or people will lose faith in democracy and yearn for the return of  “the good old days” of autocracy.

Should the latter happen, those who sacrificed their lives fighting for “Reformasi” 17 years ago will roll in their graves.

Police arrest KPK investigator over old case; wife says charges “trumped up”

Jakarta – A senior investigator at the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) was arrested at midnight over a case dating back to over a decade ago, raising concerns about a possible witch hunt targeting top officials at the anti-graft agency. Continue reading “Police arrest KPK investigator over old case; wife says charges “trumped up””